What is a newspaper? What are the different roles that newspapers have played in the past and what role(s) should they play today? Recent changes in the media landscape have led to a renewed interest in these questions. But the English term newspaper has always been somewhat misleading. The French term journal is suggestive of a unit of time (the day) but lacks explicit reference to the material form of the publication or its subject matter. The English term brings both to the surface: news-paper. Today the paper part of the term may seem like a reminder of another era in which physical newspapers were delivered to doorsteps, unfolded and refolded in Tube carriages, and left on public benches for the next person to enjoy or discard. News is increasingly encountered on computer screens, smart phones, and tablets. At many times in the past, however, it was arguably the news part of the term that could have seemed inadequate. The definition of news may be elusive, but it is clear that newspapers have almost never been limited to accounts of recent events. In eighteenth-century Britain and North America, newspapers contained letters to the printer on various subjects, as well as excerpts from books, official notices, and advertisements (which often took up most of the first page). In the nineteenth century, poems, short stories, and serial novels took on prominence in many newspapers, increasing their interest for readers. At other times, such as the British Isles in the 1640s and the United States in the 1790s, newspapers have aligned themselves with particular factions or advocated specific causes. The fact that such newspapers intervened in politics makes them all the more important to study, as Laurent Curelly’s book on The Moderate (1648-49) reveals. At that time the preferred term was newsbook rather than newspaper. Most news periodicals of the 1640s were short quarto pamphlets rather than the larger folios that later came to dominate English journalism. The form and content of news publications has varied significantly over time, and it is only by closely examining individual examples that we can begin to understand what role newspapers (or newsbooks or whatever else they were called) have played at different moments in the past.
The book ploughs through the complex issues relating judicial struggles over sexual and gender-based discrimination, social justice and poverty and the adjudication of presidential elections in East Africa.
Codifying the title by analogy with site web media, with a code-breaking asterisk which suggests paratextual elements (footnote or annotation) or the extension of mkv files, Viorella Manolache has already moved inside a generic mix of multi-media associations, which, unlike the vertical linkage of hypertexts, generate a horizontally embedded sequence of images set in motion by camera movement, rapid succession of shots, framing and montage.
I am not so sure that I would put great faith in a revitalization of the pragmatic tradition, as such. It is something that can be drawn on, certainly. But the people most closely identified with the current revival of pragmatism, with some important exceptions, seem to me more a part of the problem. In a way, that is what the book functions to show. It is often stated that Emersonian philosophy lost its grip on the country in light of its inability to deal with the excesses of the Gilded Age –more or less as the prior “common sense” philosophy failed to deal with the problems of the country leading up to the Civil War. We are presently in a new Gilded Age arising from globalization. Among the pragmatists, I am closest to William James –who knew Gilded Age politics from the inside.
This is the first book bringing together the stories of leading European civil servants examining how these leaders truly serve European people. The book is engaging and a welcome addition to the many publications on leadership. Throughout the recent decade, the EU has remained at the centre of public interest and media. However, insights on EU leadership practices got less attention.
The Great War against Eastern European Jewry, 1914-1920 now available from Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Cambridge Scholars Publishing is pleased to announce the publication of The Great War against Eastern European Jewry, 1914-1920 by Giuseppe Motta.
This volume focuses on the consequences that the First World War had on the Jews living in the notorious Pale of Settlement within the frontiers of the Tsarist Empire. The research is entirely based on a solid documentary study, consisting of the documents of the Joint Distribution Committee and references to many historiographic works. Rather than dealing with the military aspects of war, the book focuses on the political consequences, and in particular on the economic and social changes that the conflict generated. Continue reading
Societies Emerging from Conflict: The Aftermath of Atrocity now available from Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Cambridge Scholars Publishing is pleased to announce the publication of Societies Emerging from Conflict: The Aftermath of Atrocity, edited by Dennis B. Klein.
Does the proliferation of post-atrocity remedies over the past 25-plus years—the human rights movement, reparations and other justice schemes, and memorials and counter-memorials—suggest promising alternatives to retributive criminal proceedings? Or does it mean that very little so far is working? This collection of essays, written by scholars with ties to Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Canada, Ghana, Indonesia, Iraq, and the United States, argues that a new post-atrocity framework is taking root. In search for a more reliably favorable post-atrocity succession, the volume’s contributors weigh the merits of practices circumventing the state, whose anemic performance has failed to manage large-scale violence and restore confidence in social stability and security. This ascendant phase includes citizen activism, historical dialogues, and witnesses’ accounts. Into the breach where state actors prevailed, citizens “from below” are seizing opportunities for independent intervention. While all transitional frameworks are vulnerable, this volume provides a thoughtful, requisite evaluation of citizen activism for scholars, non-governmental organization practitioners, government and think-tank policymakers, and teachers at all levels. Continue reading