Call for Papers: Challenges of Growth and Sustainable Development in Africa



in Collaboration with CEOAFRICA

Organises the

1st International Pan-African Conference

with the theme


For many years, the development challenge has been a rich world of one billion people facing a poor world of five billion people. The real development challenge is that there is a group of countries at the bottom that are falling behind and often falling apart. This has been described by Paul Collier (2007) as The Bottom Billion. Unfortunately, most of the Bottom Billion countries are located in Africa. For example, Nigeria, a country in Africa, has been dubbed the current “world capital of poverty” .

It is important to note that since the end of the Second World War in 1945, when the level of underdevelopment of the Third World countries became apparent, various efforts have been made to, in the words of Bill Clinton, “move to a future of shared benefits and shared responsibilities.” These efforts crystallized into the Millennium Development Goals of 2000, when governments of 189 countries committed themselves at the UN General Assemblies to achieving by 2015. Among these were eradicating extreme poverty and hunger; promoting primary education; promoting gender equality and empowering women; reducing infant mortality; improving maternal health; eradicating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; ensuring environmental sustainability and developing a global partnership for development (Stiglitz and Charlton. Fair Trade for All, 2007: xxiii).

Nonetheless, there has been pessimism and also optimism regarding the extent to which poor countries, most especially Africa, would achieve these components of the MDGs by 2015. On the side of pessimism, Jeffery Sachs, in his The End of Poverty (2005), notes that more than eight million people around the world die each year because they are too poor to stay alive, arguing that our generation can choose to end that extreme poverty not by 2015, but by 2025. Similarly, Paul Collier (2007) has argued that “by 2015 it will be apparent that this way of conceptualizing development has become obsolete.” On the side of optimism, Moises Naim (The End of Power, 2013) glorifies the first decade of the twenty-first century as arguably the humanity’s most successful, adding that all classes of countries, including those with disadvantageous geography and history, experienced reductions in poverty. He based this argument on the available statistics on global poverty and GDP. This optimism led to the concept of “Africa Rising” introduced by The Economist (2010), put differently by Kingsley Muoghalu (2013) as “Emerging Africa”.

However, events and situation in Africa have shown that this optimism may not be shared by Africans themselves; and the systems of metrics that use GDP as a measure of economic performance have been variously doubted and criticized by Joseph Stiglizt, Armatya Sen, and Jean-Paul Fittoussi (2010), as Mis-measuring our Lives. They identify the limits of GDP as an indicator of economic performance and social progress, arguing that “there appears to be an increasing gap between the information contained in aggregate GDP data and what counts for common people’s well-being”. Thus, the UN Millennium Declaration of 2000 has reached its terminal date of 2015 without a real impact on the Africa continent, leading to the Sustainable Development Goals of 2015-2030.

At the moment, African countries are still grappling with problems associated with underdevelopment and economic backwardness: poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, high mortality rate, low standard of living, and insecurity. Apart from these, economic and political instability are major features in many African societies at the expiration of the initial date set for the accomplishment of the MDGs. Consequently, the following questions have arisen: To what extent has Africa achieved the MDGs? Why have the various development initiatives failed in Africa? What factors are responsible for Africa’s underdevelopment and backwardness? And how could Africa become relevant in global politics?

Against this backdrop, Chrisland University and CEOAfrica have organised a two-day international conference, 24-25 June 2019, to provide an interdisciplinary platform for academics, researchers, policy makers, activists, students and professionals in development studies to attempt at providing answers to the foregoing overarching questions on the growth and development of Africa.

Interested participants are, therefore, invited to submit their abstracts of not more than 250 words in English through our online portal ( and emailed to the Organising Secretary, Dr. O. G. Muojama ( or, by 30 May 2019 on any of the following or related streams:

  • Theories and epistemology of growth and development
  • Poverty and the Challenges of growth and development
  • Hunger, Food Crisis and development
  • Education and development
  • Gender equity, women empowerment and sustainable development
  • Religion, ethnicity and challenges of development
  • Health Care and sustainable development
  • Environmental sustainability and development
  • Global partnership and development
  • Technology and development
  • Language, Communication, New Media and development
  • The State, institutional framework and development challenges in Africa
  • Security and sustainable development goal
  • Interdisciplinary approach to growth and development in Africa

Keynote Speaker: Dr. Dampha Lang Fafa, Executive Secretary, ACALAN-AU, Bamako, Mali

Conference Venue: Chrisland University, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Conference Fees:

Conference Registration, with 3 night-Accommodation, Meal and Transportation:

Local Participants N50,000

International Participants $200


Conference Registration and meal (without accommodation and Transportation):

Local Participants N25,000

International Participants $100

For inquiries:

Dr. B. J. Ojo – ACALAN-AU, Bamako, Mali – – Coordinator, Organising Committee

Dr. O.G. Muojama University of Ibadan – – CGSDA Organising Secretary

Dr. Akinola A. James – Department of English, Chrisland University –

Dr. Willie A. Eselebor – University of Ibadan


Chief Host: Professor Chinedu Babalola,  Vice-Chancellor – Chrisland University, Abeokuta


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Sadia Zulfiqar’s African Women Writers and the Politics of Gender offers a deep insight into the marginalized status of African women, their resistance to patriarchal structures in their communities, and their opposition to Eurocentric forms of feminism. Zulfiqar navigates difficult terrains to proffer solutions to the lack of an adequate agency for African women. She supports new platforms created by new female African writers, and she adequately historicizes the gender battle in the African literary canon. She does so, so impeccably; not from a position of inferiority, but from a high pedestal by reclaiming and reconstructing the identity of African women through the narration of Leila Aboulela, Mariama Ba, Buchi Emecheta, Chimamanda Adichie, and Tsitsi Dangarembga. She attempts to decenter male hegemony in the African literary sphere by affirming that African women are creators of African oral literature rather than perpetuators of it.

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That Africa is at a crossroads in an increasingly globalised world is indisputable. Equally unassailable is the fact that the humanities, as a broad field of intellection, research and learning in Africa, appears to have been pigeonholed in debates of relevance in the development aspirations of many African nations. Historical experiences and contemporary research outputs indicate, however, that the humanities, in its various shades, is critical to Africa’s capacity to respond effectively to such problems as security, corruption, political ineptitude, poverty, superstition, and HIV/AIDS, among many other mounting challenges which confront the people of Africa. The vibrancy and resilience of Africa’s cultures, against these and other odds of globalisation episodes in the course of our history, demand the focused attention of academia to exploit their relevance to contemporary issues.
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Hardback, pp350, £57.99 / $98.95

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The idea that developing all sectors of the educational palette is influential for socio-economic development was adopted later in Sub-Saharan Africa than in other world regions. Most efforts went primarily into developing the first stages of education, and rightly so, for many children could not access education at all. Today, all African governments recognize the importance of higher education and increasingly invest in it. They are facing two major, interlinked challenges: rapid population growth and decline in the quality of education. Indeed, despite fertility decline, the region has been confronted with substantial population growth, which will continue for many decades; as such, there is a necessity to increase investment in education. This, in a situation of limited resources, has been at the expense of the quality and the burgeoning of private institutions of higher education. The contributions here discuss the development, quality, and outcomes of higher education in Africa, with a specific focus on relations between Africa and Europe. Issues related to the mobility of African students and scholars are discussed in several national and international case studies.. Continue reading